How to Defragment Your Hard Drive for Better Computer Performance

January 21, 2009

How to Speed Up Your Computer by Defragmenting Your Hard Drive

At various times on a Windows PC, a disk defragmentation is needed to regain hard drive performance which will speed up the over-all performance of your computer.

Disk Defragmentation may be defined as a process that reduces the amount of file fragmentation on a computer’s hard disk drive. Over time, a computer will naturally split files up on a hard drive for storage and this file-splitting may drastically slow the performance of your computer as it has to seek or find the fragmented file which takes extra time. If your computer has issues with booting up or shutting down slowly then you may want to find out why your computer freezes up during startup or shutdown first.

Think of a fragmented file as food on a dinner plate. Near the middle of the meal you may have fragments of different types of food spread throughout the plate. If you wish to gather up one type of food on the plate it may take some extra time to seek out the fragments. Same thing happens with a computer’s hard drive over time of use.

It has been said may times by several computer help sources and even security experts about how defragmenting your drive may speed up the performance of your computer. It may even add to the stability of your system allowing you to have a more secure environment.

If you wish to speed up the performance of your computer they you may want to defrag your hard drive. If you have multiple drives on your computer it may be best to start with the drive that contains your operating system (Windows).

Below is a simple process for speeding up your computer by defragmenting your hard drive. (Every Windows PC includes built in software for defragmenting your hard drive(s).)

  1. Go to Start menu > My Computer
  2. my computer

  3. Find and right-click your C: drive
  4. Go to and click Properties
  5. properties

  6. Click on the Tools tab
  7. tools

  8. Click Defragment Now…
  9. Click the Defragment button
  10. disk defragmenter

  11. The computer will start to analyze your hard drive to see if it needs to be defragmented. In the case that it does not need to be defragmented it will then return a message saying so. If it does then it will proceed to defragment your hard drive. It may be best to limit use of your computer while it is defragmenting so that it may speed up the process.
  12. defragmenting

  13. Once your computer is done you may restart it so your RAM is cleared and your computer will operate faster.

You have now completed defragmenting your hard drive. Did it speed up your computer? Have you noticed that your computer access or opens certain programs faster?


  • Jessie Manhim says:

    you can just setup to defrag on a schedule instead of doing this every week. I have mine set to do weekly defragments and my PC keeps running great

  • Dwight says:

    You may want to do error checks too when defragmenting. Windows will automatically check for errors before doing defrag. This is so your info does not get lost and trust me, it will happen if you do not check for errors. Clusters can turn bad or be lost. Then you will be SOL when you boot your pc again.

  • Carroll B. Merriman says:

    I think I figured out that my old hard drive is causing my system to run slow because of fragmented files. I don’t think I ever did a defragment. First time i did one and it took almost 45 minutes but well worth it in the end because my pc runs like 50% better. Thanks for the tips and advice pchubs!!!!!!

  • Hunter Deetz says:

    Everyone should know how to defragment their hard drive. If you don’t, you should not be operating a computer. Just like driving, if you do not know how to drive, you should not be operating a car. Simple.

  • Neil Devon says:

    I don’t think I have ever defragmented my hard drive until now. After doing so I noticed my PC boots up faster AND runs faster. Much thanks to you for the tips.

  • Chomikuj smerfy 3d polski lektor says:

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  • tyroid says:

    Defragging sure keeps the drives in good shape and the PC running fast and responsive. I defrag my drives using Diskeeper, it runs in the background, without conflicting with other programs I use and defrags very efficiently even under low free space. Its a great option if you dont want to bother with manual defrags.

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